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Amino acids

The individual components of proteins


Vitamins A, D, E and K

Fat-soluble vitamins sometimes grouped together


Adequate Intake

Recommendations used when RDA cannot be determined, value based on observed approximations of nutrient intake by groups of healthy people

AND Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (formerly ADA, American Dietetic Association) The largest US organization of food and nutrition professionals

American and Plant Health Inspection Service

The agency of USDA that is responsible for protecting animal health, animal welfare, and plant health


Association of Public and Land-Grant Universities

The oldest higher education association of public universities, land-grant institutions, and state university systems.


Agricultural Research Service

An agency of the USDA that is responsible for solving the nation's agricultural problems and increasing scientific knowledge about crop protection.


American Society for Clinical Nutrition

A non-profit organization dedicated to extending knowledge of nutrition by bringing together researchers, clinical nutritionists and industry professionals.


Association of State and Territorial Public Health Nutrition Directors

A non-profit membership organization that provides leadership on food and nutrition policy, programs, and services at the state and federal level.


Body Mass Index

A connection of a system of computers, hardware, or software to an information processing device that does work like communication, computation, or dissemination of information.



A dietary mineral required for strong teeth and bones, regular blood clotting and muscle and nerve function.


Child and Adult Care Food Program

A federal assistance program provided by USDA to provide a daily subsidized food service for children, the elderly, and mentally or physically impaired adults.


Commodity Distribution Program

Requires the Secretary of Agriculture to use the agricultural surplus removal fund to buy commodities for child and elderly nutrition programs.


Core Food Security Module

An assessment to understand the extent of household food insecurity due to inadequate money for food.


Congregate Nutrition Services

A program under the AoA that provides meals to older Americans in congregate facilities such as senior centers, adult day centers, and faith-based settings.


Continuing Surveys of Food Intakes by Individuals 

A continuing survey conducted nationwide in which participants are asked about their food intake for two separate days.


Commodity Supplemetal Food Program

A federally funded program that works to improve the health of low-income pregnant and breastfeeding women and other new mothers.


Center for Science in the Public Interest

A D.C. based non-profit and consumer advocacy group that fights for safer and more nutritious food.

CSREES Cooperative State Research, Education and Extension Service An agency within the USDA that has a mission to advance agriculture, the environment, and human health by supporting education and research.

Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension 

An eating plan that advocates to reduce salt intake in order to reduce blood pressure.


Dietary Guidelines For Americans

A group of nationally recognized experts in the field of nutrition appointed by the HHS and USDA to make recommendations for the next edition of the nation's dietary guidelines.


Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee

An interactive forum where individuals can talk in real-time. Many chat rooms are themed by subjects to discuss, but they can also be formed to talk informally, with strangers or with friends.

DRI Dietary Reference Intake The necessary levels of nutrients for dietary consumption.

Estimated Average Requirement

The intake of a nutrient that will meet the requirements of fifty percent of all healthy individuals within a population.

EFNEP Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program A program designed to assist populations with limited access to nutritional resources and help these groups gain information about family diet and nutrition.
Energy RDA Energy Recommended Dietary Allowance The average number of calories needed, this number differs by gender and age.

Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations

A specialized agency of the United Nations that works to eradicate hunger in both developed and developing countries.


Food and Drug Administration

An agency of the HHS that is responsible for protecting public health through regulation of food safety, tobacco products, and medications.

Fe Iron A dietary mineral required for the transportation of oxygen throughout the body.

Food Marketing Institute

An organization that conducts food safety, public affairs, and educational research for food retailers and wholesalers.

FNB Food and Nutritional Board, Institute of Medicine, The National Academies A board that studies issues of national and global importance on the safety of the US food supply, and helps to determine guidelines for nutrition.

Food and Nutrition Information Center 

The center for food and human nutritional information by providing resources for health professionals, educators, government officials and consumers.


Food Safety and Inspection Service

A public health regulatory agency under the USDA responsible for ensuring that the nation's supply of meat, poultry, and egg products is safe and correctly labeled and packaged.

FSP Food Stamp Program A federal aid program that provides assistance for purchasing food to low and no -income people living in the US.


A metric unit of measure to measure things such as carbohydrates, fats and proteins.


Grocery Manufacturers of America

The world's largest association of food, beverage and consumer product companies.

HDN Home-Delivered Nutrition Services A program established under AoA that provides meals and related nutrition services to seniors who are homebound.

Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense

A committee which provided previously unavailable representative information on food and nutrition situations of military populations in thirty-three developing countries.

IU International Unit  A measure of a substance, such as a vitamin or toxin, that produces a specific effect when tested in accordance to internationally accepted biological procedures.

Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations

A US non-profit that strives to improve public health care by evaluating health care organizations and encouraging them to provide the highest quality of care.

K Potassium A dietary mineral that is required for water balance and muscle function in the body.
kcal Kilocalorie A measure of energy we more commonly refer to as a "calorie".
Microgram A metric unit to measure certain vitamins and minerals that is equal to one millionth of a gram.


A measurement that is one thousandth of the equivalent weight certain substance.

mg Milligram A metric unit to measure some vitamins and minerals that is equal to one thousandth of a gram.


A dietary mineral required for muscle function and other processes in the body.

MOWAA Meals On Wheels Association of America The largest US organization that provides meal services to people in need, especially senior citizens.


A vital mineral for the sound functioning of blood pressure and osmotic equilibrium.

NCBA National Cattleman's Beef Association An advocacy group that works on behalf of beef producers in the US with goals to increase profit opportunities, enhance business climate, and build consumer demand.

Nutrition Education and Training Program

A program under the Children Nutrition Act that is authorized to make grants to all states for nutritional education programs that targets school children, teachers, parents and food service workers.

NFPC Nationwide Food Consumption Survey Large scale surveys conducted by the USDA from 1977 to 1978 in order to assess eating habits of the nation.
NFPA National Food Processors Association The association that represents the five hundred billion dollar food processing industry on scientific and policy issues involving nutritional and consumer affairs.

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

A program that assesses the health of American adults and children which incorporates interviews and physical examinations as part of the studies.


National WIC (Women Infant Children) Assocation

An organization that works on behalf of the WIC program in order to gain bipartisan support in the US Congress and raise awareness about early childhood nutrition.


Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System

A federally funded program based surveillance system that monitors the nutritional status of low-income women, children, and infants.


Registered Dietician

Professional experts in food and nutrition that advise people on what to eat in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle.


Recommended Daily Allowance

The recommended daily intake level of a nutrient made by the Food and Nutrition board that meets the requirement of 97.5 percent of healthy people.


Resting Energy Expenditure

The number of calories an individual would burn if (s)he stayed at rest all day.


Responsible Industry for a Sound Environment

A lobbying organization that promotes safe use of pesticides to control pests and invasive species that are detrimental to health and environment.

RNI Reference Nutritional Intake Used in the UK, recommendations to meet the nutritional needs to the majority of the population.
SNAP Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Formerly known as the Food Stamp program, provides financial assistance to low income people for means of purchasing food.

Society for Nutrition Education

A non-profit organization that promotes the values and interests of nutrition educators.

TEFAP The Emergency Food Assistance Program  A federal program that works to supplement the diets of low-income people, especially seniors by providing them with surplus foods.
UL Tolerable Upper Limit The maximum level of a nutrient intake that is still safe for all individuals.
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture A federal executive department in charge of US policy concerning farming, agriculture, forestry, and food.
WIC Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants and Children A federal assistance program that is responsible for the healthcare of low-income pregnant women, breastfeeding women, and children under the age of five.





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